What is Remote I/O?In this article, we’re going to explain the terms I/O, Local I/O, and Remote I/O, and why Remote PLC I/O is used in industrial applications.
In the industrial control world, we use the term I/O often. So, let’s begin our discussion today with an explanation of I/O. The focus of our discussion will be on Remote I/O, but we’re also going to talk about Local I/O too.
In this article, we’re going to:
– Explain the terms I/O, Local I/O, and Remote I/O
– Explain why Remote I/O is used in industrial applications
– List 2 transmission mediums used to connect between the local PLC and the Remote I/O
– List 2 transmission protocols used to communicate between the local PLC and the Remote I/O
What I/O Refers to in the Industrial World?
I/O stands for Input/Output.
In the industrial world, I/O refers to any device that transfers data to or from a computer such as a PLC.
For our discussion, we’ll refer to these I/O devices as I/O Modules.
Local I/O VS Remote I/O
Local I/O refers to I/O modules that are housed in the same cabinet and likely connected to the controller backplane in the PLC rack.
Remote I/O simply means that the I/O module is at a remote place physically located a distance from the control PLC.
A remote I/O module will speak to the PLC via an Adaptor Module connected to the controller backplane in the PLC rack.
Why Do We Use Remote I/O?
There are several reasons…. let’s look at a few.
1) When it’s not possible to have a PLC near the field devices
In some industrial applications, it’s not possible to have a PLC with Local I/O Modules near the field devices because of the harsh environment.
2) You want to eliminate long lengths of multi-conductor cable
Remote I/O is a solution when you want to place I/O modules close to the field devices in order to eliminate long lengths of multi-conductor cable.
With Remote I/O, signals can be received from far away sensors and control signals can be sent long distances to control valves, motors, and other final actuators.
Remote I/O Transmission Protocols
Let’s review what we’ve discussed.
– I/O stands for Input/Output
– I/O refers to any device that transfers data to or from a computer such as a PLC
– Field Devices such as sensors and actuators are connected to the I/O modules
– Local I/O refers to I/O modules connected to the controller backplane in the PLC rack
– A remote I/O module is physically located at a distance from the control PLC
Remote I/O’s are used:
– Because in some industrial applications, it’s not possible to have a PLC with Local I/O Modules near the field devices because of the harsh environment.
– When you want to place I/O modules close to the field devices to eliminate long lengths of multi-conductor cable
– Signals can be received from far away sensors and final actuators
– Signals can be sent any distance with a high-speed medium such as twisted-pair wires and fiber optics using a variety of transmission protocols such as Ethernet and Profibus
Want to Learn More?
By downloading the RealPars app, you can have access to a wealth of practical knowledge as an automation engineer right in your pocket and you will also receive new fresh out of the oven videos each and every week.
RealPars App Offline Viewing
And the best part is, you don’t even need to have an internet connection to watch the courses on your phone, you can synchronize the videos for offline viewing and watch them even when you don’t have any internet.
Of course, if you’re serious about wanting to learn even more, you can gain instant access to a large number of exclusive RealPars courses covering a variety of industrial automation topics, including PLC and HMI programming, DCS, IIoT, and others, all for a small yearly membership fee.
It’s an amazing value for some really robust content and lots of support. And you’ll be getting the same course work that would cost you a few thousand for one week of offline training!
All of us on the RealPars team look forward to helping you continue to advance your PLC expertise and your career!
Got a friend, client, or colleague who could use some of this information? Please share this article.
In this blog post, you’ll learn about the mindset that helped me getting a PLC programming job with NO experience. This is my personal experience as someone who searched for a job in this field and as an employer who reviews resumes and interviews candidates for a variety of projects. So let’s get started!
So how does a diode module or diode block work? For you to be able to understand how a diode module works, you first need to understand how a single diode actually works.What is a diode? A diode is a device that allows current to flow in only one direction. That...
So, what is a floating license and how is it different from a standard software license? In short, a standard software license is for exclusive use whereas a floating license is for shared use.You buy a floating software license when you want to share the use of...
Learn how to program PLCs, install and wire industrial devices, and at the same time purchase them online.
+31 10 316 6400
Mon - Fri 8:30 am to 5:30 pm (CET)
Rotterdam Science Tower, Marconistraat 16,
3029AK Rotterdam, Netherlands
© 2020 RealPars B.V. All rights reserved.
Created with coffee and tea in Rotterdam.